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Antoni Tàpies (Barcellona, 13.12.1923 – Barcellona, 6.2.2012)

 

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Antoni Tàpies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Antoni Tàpies

Antoni Tàpies
Birth name Antoni Tàpies
Born 13 December 1923
BarcelonaSpain
Died 6 February 2012 (aged 88)
Barcelona, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Field PaintingSculptureLithography
Movement Art informel

Antoni Tàpies i Puig, 1st Marquess of Tàpies (Catalan pronunciation: [ənˈtɔni ˈtapiəs]; 13 December 1923 – 6 February 2012) was a Catalan painter,[1] sculptor and art theorist. The son of lawyer Josep Tàpies i Mestre, and María Puig i Guerra, he became one of the most famous European artists of his generation.

Tàpies studied at the German School of Barcelona. After studying law for 3 years, he devoted himself from 1943 onwards only to his painting. He was perhaps the best-known Catalan artist to emerge in the period since the Second World War.

In 1950, Tàpies held his first solo exhibition, at Galeries Laietanes, Barcelona. In the early 1950s he lived in Paris, to which he often returned. Both in Europe and beyond, the highly influential French critic and curator Michel Tapié (no relation, despite the similar name) enthusiastically promoted the work of Antoni Tàpies.

In 1948, Tàpies helped co-found the first Post-War Movement in Spain known as Dau al Set which was connected to the Surrealist and Dadaist Movements. The main leader and founder of Dau al Set was the poet Joan Brossa. The movement also had a publication of the same name, Dau al Set. Tàpies started as a surrealist painter, his early works were influenced by Paul Klee and Joan Miró; but soon become an informal artist, working in a style known as pintura matèrica, in which non artistic materials are incorporated into the paintings. In 1953 he began working in mixed media; this is considered his most original contribution to art. One of the first to create serious art in this way, he added clay and marble dust to his paint and used waste paper, string, and rags (Grey and Green Painting, Tate Gallery, London, 1957).

Mural at the Catalonian Pavilion at the Seville Expo ’92

Tàpies’ international reputation was well established by the end of the 1950s. From the late 1950s to early 1960s, Tàpies worked with Enrique TábaraAntonio SauraManolo Millares and many other Spanish Informalist artists. From about 1970 (influenced by Pop art) he began incorporating more substantial objects into his paintings, such as parts of furniture. Tàpies’s ideas have had worldwide influence on art, especially in the realms of painting, sculpture, etchings and lithography. Examples of his work are found in numerous major international collections. His work is associated with both Tachisme and Abstract Expressionism.

Fundació Tàpies, in Barcelona, is a museum dedicated to his life and work. He lived mainly in Barcelona and was represented by The Pace Gallery in New York.

On 9 April 2010, Tàpies was raised into the Spanish nobility by King Juan Carlos I with the hereditary title of Marqués de Tàpies[2] (English: Marquess of Tàpies).

Among the artists’ work linked in style to that of Tàpies is that of the American painter Julian Schnabel as both have been connected to the art term «Matter».[3]

He died in 2012.[4]

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